Southwestern US, US National Parks

The Power of Wind – Arches National Park, Utah (Part I)

Rocks are weird. And also very cool. It’s amazing to me how rocks can be arranged in such a way that differences in resistance to erosion result in the formation of such incredible geological features. Exhibit A: Arches National Park, where giant sandstone arches have formed as a result of thousands of years of exposure to water and wind.

Over 2000 arches decorate the landscape in this section of southern Utah. There are also numerous other rock features – giant monoliths that rise out of nothing, groups of red rock fins that form a maze, and even a giant balanced boulder. Geologically speaking, Arches is probably the most unique place I’ve ever been.

Arches National Park is located on US Highway 191 just north of Moab, UT. An 18 mile (29 km) road leads through the park, with pullouts at various viewpoints. There are also many trails of varying lengths. As we entered the park, we came first to the visitor center. Beyond this, the road winds through a couple of switchbacks, bringing us up to the top of the plateau. From here, the terrain flattens out and the views become expansive.

Arches Vwpt

As we followed the first 10 miles (16 km) of the main road, we encountered many viewpoints overlooking mountains, pinnacles, and petrified dunes. First is Park Avenue, a canyon bordered by towering red rock fins. Next is a viewpoint for the La Sal Mountains, followed by the Courthouse Towers. A moderate 1 mile (1.6 km) trail through Park Avenue connects Courthouse Towers to the Park Avenue parking area.

Park Ave
Park Avenue

As we continued along the road, we passed the petrified dunes on our right and The Great Wall and a section of rock pinnacles on our left. The petrified dunes formed when ancient sand dunes were buried and solidified into stone under the pressure. The top layer then eroded away, leaving behind the hardened dunes.

Petrified Dunes Vwpt
Petrified Dunes
La Sal Mountains Overlook
Panorama Pt
Panorama Point

Next comes Balanced Rock, which was exactly what we expected it would be and fairly impossible to miss. Bathrooms and a picnic area are located here.

Balanced Rock
Balanced Rock

Just beyond Balanced Rock, the road to The Windows section of the park branches off to the right. We headed right. This road travels past Pothole Arch and a collection of rock spires called the Garden of Eden before dead-ending at The Windows. Here, short trails lead to 4 different arches; a 1 mile (1.6 km) round-trip trail to The Windows and Turret Arch, and a 0.5 mile (0.8 km) round-trip trail to my favorite arch: Double Arch.

The Windows
Turret Arch
Turret Arch
Double Arch

Back on the main park road, the remaining viewpoints are Panorama Point, Salt Valley Overlook, and Fiery Furnace Overlook. The road dead-ends at the Devil’s Garden area, from which a couple more trails depart – this area of the park will feature in a future post.

Fiery Furnace

If there’s one thing we wish we’d done, it’s the ranger-led hike through the Fiery Furnace. The hike is strenuous and involves climbing over boulders, walking along ledges, and squeezing through narrow gaps. Sounds like my kind of hike! The tour costs $16 per person (for adults) and lasts three hours. Tickets for the morning tours sell out months in advance, so reservations are a must, while tickets for the afternoon tours can be purchased at the visitor center up to one week in advance. If I ever return to Arches, I’ll definitely be reserving a ticket!

Update: we returned in 2019 and toured the Fiery Furnace, and it was amazing! Read about it here.

Well, that concludes the first half of day #1 at Arches. Stay tuned for the second half of the day – our hike to Delicate Arch!

The Important Stuff:

  • Getting there: located off of US Highway 191 5 miles north of Moab, UT
  • Fees & passes: $25 per car for a 7-day pass; Interagency Annual Pass accepted
  • Camping: Devils Garden Campground – we didn’t stay here, but it’s $25 per night and reservations are necessary
  • Hiking: many trails in the park; the two I talked about here were 1.5 miles (2.4 km) total, easy, and located at the end of the road to The Windows
  • Other: despite being at an elevation of 5000 feet (1525 m), Arches is in the desert. It’s hot, dry, windy, and sandy. Water supplies in the park are scarce, the sun is intense, and it’s very easy to become dehydrated.

10 thoughts on “The Power of Wind – Arches National Park, Utah (Part I)”

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